閱讀測驗是很多考生畏懼的英文題型之一,其實閱讀測驗的解題並不難,因為外國人寫文章都愛用破題法,只要看第一段即可知道文章大概在講什麼內容。例如在此篇文章的第一段中,有提到“children”(兒童)、“miss out on an education”(錯過了教育),所以文章一定跟“兒童失學”有關。


The United Nations Children’s Fund, UNICEF, says 115 million

children worldwide are still missing out on an education, most of

them girls. 2005 is the year set by the UN to achieve gender equality

in primary education.

5
UNICEF says many countries in South Asia, Africa, and the Middle

East cannot meet the target of gender equality in 2005. UNICEF is

especially concerned about the situation in west and central Africa.

Only five countries out of 24 are set to achieve gender equality there.

In South Asia, UNICEF says, progress has been made but not

10
enough. Forty-two million children across the region don’t go to

school. Afghanistan and Pakistan have the widest gender gaps. For

Pakistan to have the same number of girls as boys in school by 2015,

it would have to increase girls’ school attendance by over three

percent each year. And in eastern and central Europe there is cause

15
for concern, too. The introduction of fees for tuition, schoolbooks

and uniforms has led to rising dropout rates—and girls drop out

sooner than boys. UNICEF insists the effort must be made. The UN’s

primary goal is to get rid of poverty, and education is fundamental to

achieving that.

(  ) 1. According to this article, “gender equality in primary education” refers to _____.

(A) the types of primary education both boys and girls should receive

(B) the quality and quantity of primary education for girls to receive

(C) the differences between girls and boys in receiving primary education

(D) the equal rights for boys and girls to receive primary education

(  ) 2. According to this article, how many children in South Asia do not attend school?

(A) 115 million.  (B) 5 out of 24.  (C) 42 million.  (D) Over 3 percent.

(  ) 3. In eastern and central Europe, what may be the main reason for children to leave school?

(A) Children have to work to earn their own living.

(B) Children cannot afford educational fees and other expenses.

(C) The increase of girls’ school attendance makes boys leave school.

(D) UNICEF does not offer aids to the children in this region.

(  ) 4. What does the word “target” in the second paragraph mean?

(A) The object for shooting         (B) The goal to achieve

(C) The idea to attack                (D) The example to set

英銘解析


英銘老師:閱讀測驗是很多考生畏懼的英文題型之一,其實閱題測驗的的解題並不難,因為外國人寫文章都愛用破題法,只要看第一段即可知道文章大概在講什麼內容。例如在此篇文章的第一段中,有提到“children”(兒童)、“miss out on an education”(錯過了教育),所以文章一定跟“兒童失學”有關。

第1題:根據這篇文章,“gender equality in primary education”指的是什麼?“gender equality in primary education”(初等教育的性別平等),比較接近的答案是(D)。

補充:

gender  n.  性別     (often)

There is gender discrimination in Dora's company.

Dora的公司有性別歧視。

equality  n.  平(相、均)等        (often)

This is a major boost for racial equality.

這是種族平等的一次重大進步。

primary  adj.  首要的、初級的、原始的    (always)

A primary cause of Marcy's failure is his laziness.  

懶惰是Marcy失敗的主要原因。

Ms. Carter is a primary teacher.

Carter女士是個小學教師。

What is the primary source of the news?

這件新聞的原始來源是什麼?

同義:fundamental, main, principal, dominant, significant, essential.

更多完整內容 請至國考專門店 英銘國考英文周刊-No.56-閱讀測驗篇

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