For sushi aficionados, the essence of the Atlantic bluefin tuna is
its fat-laced, butter-soft belly meat, called toro. For those who seek
the bluefin from Cape Hatteras off the coast of North Carolina to the
frigid waters south of Iceland to the balmy Mediterranean, the fish are
a potential bonanza, with choice specimens selling for $50,000 or
more in Tokyo. But the intensifying trade in bluefin may soon empty
the waters of this master of the sea. In just the last 35 years,
exploding markets for sushi-grade tuna, combined with
industrial-scale hunts aided by satellites and spotters in airplanes,
have devastated not only the fish but also many fisheries. Dozens of
Mediterranean towns that maintained coastal net traps for half a
millennium or more are turning away from now-barren waters.
Anglers off New England now scour the seas for scattered fish. Most
valuable, marine biologists say, is the apparently distinct population
of bluefin tuna that breeds in the Gulf of Mexico. The threat to the
bluefin was underscored recently by researchers who have tracked
hundreds of the fish using electronic tags. They found that the tuna
that spawn in the west, which are most severely depleted, are
threatened by an ever-broadening gantlet of hooks, seines,
harpoons, traps and now farm-style pens, in which netted fish are
raised and fattened – all to supply the Japanese sushi trade.
( ) 1. What does the word “choice” mean in the passage?
(A) Option. (B) Variety. (C) High-quality. (D) Mixture.
( ) 2. What does the modern fishing industry use to help hunt fish on a large scale?
(A) Satellites. (B) Coastal net traps.
(C) Angling. (D) Rocket-propelled harpoons.
( ) 3. What does “sushi aficionados” mean?
(A) Sushi lovers (B) Sushi buyers (C) Sushi sellers (D) Sushi chefs
( ) 4. According to the passage, can the bluefin fish survive a considerable range of temperatures?
(A) Yes, they are found in a wide range of temperatures.
(B) No, they are only found in warm waters.
(C) No, they are only found in cold waters.
(D) The information is not given in the passage.
詳細解析內容 請參考 國考專門店 英銘國考英文周刊-No.72-閱讀測驗篇